The type of roof truss you choose for your building project can have a major impact on the final type of roof. Whether you’re building homes, multi-family projects, or large agricultural structures, roof trusses are integral to the structure, style, and cost of your build. With that in mind, it’s important to choose the right type of roof truss to suit your project and your project’s budget. Here are a few of the most common types of roof trusses that might be perfect for your build:
A variety of the trusses shown above fit into the common or gable truss category, including the King Post, Queen Post, Howe, and Double Howe trusses. All four of these trusses are used to form a gable roof, also known as a pitched or peaked roof, and one of the most common roof options in the US. The difference in each of these trusses has to do with the webbing in the truss itself. As you might imagine, trusses like the Howe offer more support than a King Post, and thus can be used for larger buildings that need more support.
Another very common roof type, the hip truss is used to create a hip roof, which has slopes on all four sides that come to meet at a point in the center of the roof. Hip trusses are particularly useful for high wind and snowy areas, as they are more stable than gable roofs. Like the gable truss category, there are a number of unique hip truss variations, used to create different architectural styles.
Scissor Roof Truss
This type of truss is best known for creating the vaulted ceilings that today’s homeowners love. Instead of horizontal lower chords, a scissor roof truss has lower chords that slope up, creating the peak for a vaulted ceiling.
Convenient for buildings like garages and sheds that need additional storage space, attic trusses, also known as room-in-attic trusses, form both the ceiling and the floor truss for a room within a building’s attic. These roof trusses come with support webs designed to frame the walls of the room. While these are most commonly used for structures with storage space, they can also be manufactured for homes.
A mono truss is essentially just one half of a full truss. These are very versatile and can be used to build a roof that allows for more sunlight and visual space. They are often used in sheds and garages, as well as to create additional roof tiers and extensions to an existing roof.
North Light Roof Truss
Similar to the Double Howe Truss, the North Light Roof Truss features a wide set of web trusses that form triangles within the larger truss itself. A popular choice for open floor plan homes, North Light Trusses are an old and economical type of truss that can span very large spaces, like industrial buildings and open concept homes.
As you might expect, a flat truss is designed for flat roofs. They’re built similarly to floor trusses, with a great deal of support, since they don’t feature any slope to shed precipitation or help bear a load. Flat roof trusses are primarily used in commercial applications.
The gambrel truss is most commonly associated with barns, but it is also used in a variety of homes, especially now that the farmhouse style is increasing in popularity. A gambrel truss is designed to support a wide span and can add to the vertical space in a building because of its unique, tall construction.
Raised Heel Truss
The last truss we’ll cover today is called a raised heel truss. Since these roof trusses are raised slightly higher than other types of roof trusses, they allow for simplified ventilation and plenty of room for insulation. This makes the raised heel truss a go-to choice for energy-efficient buildings.
The type of roof truss you use for your building projects can affect not only the design of your buildings but also the cost and the time to construct. If you’re looking for custom solutions like manufactured roof trusses that fit your project and are delivered to your job site, get in touch. Zeeland Lumber & Supply offers manufactured roof trusses in a variety of styles to ensure your building project goes up quickly, and without hassle. Give us a call or contact us online for more information.